Raspberries belong to a wider group of fruits called the brambles. Home gardeners generally choose between these three types: black, red and purple, to grow at their own yards.
There are also yellow or golden raspberries but they’re classed under the red variety since the plant don’t make enough pigment that turn the fruits red.
Raspberries generally prefer a lot of sun and may tolerate some shade. They thrive in well-drained and well-aerated soil and in areas that has a lot of air circulation.
However, don’t plant in a terribly windy area as the canes can dry out.
Raspberries are by nature self-pollinating and are best pollinated by bees. You may plant raspberries into pots or directly into the ground, preferably in spring.
Some varieties branch out wildly, so putting up a trellis or a stake will help keep them upwards.
As the plant grows, also consider putting a fence around the plant to keep them from getting eaten by rabbits and deer.
Pruning is required for all varieties. Pruning is essential to boost yield, manage the branches as well as prevent diseases.
In most cases, an annual pruning is required, after your first harvest or before spring growth.
All varieties tend to get ripe very quickly so be on the lookout once the berries develop a fuller color and tender texture.
You may eat them fresh right after you’ve washed them or store them in the fridge unwashed. Simply wash the berries right before using them to prevent premature breakdown.
Raspberry Health Benefits
Sweet, delicious and naturally high in antioxidants, raspberries are wonderful fruits to include in your diet.
They can be eaten raw, but also make excellent jellies and jams.
Raspberries are rich in phytonutrients that aids in managing weight and prevent obesity. The same phytonutrients are also essential in preventing risks of fatty liver.
Additionally, raspberries are beneficial in relieving arthritic pains, maintain good levels of cholesterol and provide the body with folate and potassium.
Different cultivars have different characteristics, so if you’re looking forward for homegrown raspberries in the years to come, consider getting the best varieties of raspberry plants for sale.
Choosing Raspberry Varieties to Plant
There are now a number of raspberry varieties and choosing the correct variety depending on a number of factors will ensure that your crops will soon be bearing fresh fruits for you to enjoy.
Basically, you want to keep in mind the considerations in choosing raspberries to plant.
- Type of berry/fruit - red raspberries are sweet and juicy and usually bear bigger fruits. Yellow and golden berries have almost similar characteristics with red raspberries. Purple and black variety bear smaller fruit, produce more seeds and are often the variety of choice in making pies.
- Harvesting Season - if you’d like fresh raspberries in May to June, then pick the summer-bearing varieties. Ever-bearing varieties may produce crops once in the summer and another in fall.
- Local Climate - the climate in your area will have a lot of bearing to the raspberries quality and quantity of yield as well as the intensity of flavors. It is also important to note how much sun and water the place receives.
Top Varieties of Raspberry Plants for Sale
1. Caroline Red
Caroline red is an ever-bearing raspberry variety that’s suitable to the climate of the southeast.
Unlike other cultivars that die or turns sour in humid climate, Caroline red is able to thrive and produce juicy and sweet berries.
- Produces large and sweet berries
- Provides excellent fall yields
- Has good pest and disease resistance
- Bears fruit for just a month
- The fruits tend to ripen quickly so harvesting quickly is important to enjoy them fresh
2. Dorman Red
Dorman red is a highly productive variety that produces sweet and large berries.
This variety is best grown in the deep south where it remains strong and productive despite the intense heat and humidity.
Interestingly, the Dorman Red carries some of the blackberries characteristics.
- Provides excellent yields with fairly-sized thorn-less fruits
- Fairly resistant to pests and diseases
- The plant has weak vine structure and needs support such as trellis and stakes to prevent bowing into the ground.
Heritage is a red variety of raspberry that’s popularly sown in many parts of the country.
It is ever-bearing that provides harvest from June towards early frost and another one in spring.
It is best planted in spring and in zones 4-8.
- Provides high yield of sweet and large berries
- It has excellent tolerance to most raspberry pests and diseases
- It was awarded by the American Society of Horticultural Sciences as the Outstanding Fruit Cultivar of 2014
- A trellis is required to support the plant as it grows
- The fruit has thorns
4. Fall Gold
The Fall Gold variety produces golden raspberry fruits that are thornless, sweet and juicy.
Like most varieties, Fall Gold also do well with a lot of sun. It is an ever-bearing variety that produces two harvest seasons - once in fall and another in spring.
It also thrives well in zones 4 to 9.
- The berries are surprisingly as sweet as red raspberries
- Fruiting Fall Gold also make wonderful edible decorations to your garden or landscape
- Excellent variety in making pies and jams
- Among the golden varieties, Fall Gold is more vulnerable to diseases
- It does not bear as much yield as its other golden variety cousins
5. Black Hawn
The berries of Black Hawk, along with other black raspberry varieties are some of the most expensive kind sold commercially.
Black hawk is a high-yielding and high-value crop, but because it is highly perishable, it is also pricier than other varieties.
Black Hawk is a more fragile crop and best planted in zones 5-8.
- Provides medium to large-sized firm berries
- The plant grows quickly and vigorously
- Fruit initially bears red berries then turns black to signal ripeness and readiness for harvesting
- The canes bend over as it grows and requires trellis for support
- It is more delicate than red raspberry varieties
Raspberries are indeed fun to plant and grow and their harvest can provide fresh fruits for the season.
If you freeze them, you will have a handy supply for making smoothies and ice cream toppings.
All five varieties have very excellent flavors and good to excellent yield. But the variety that stands out the most is the Heritage Red Raspberry.
The Heritage has the reputation for excellent yield, good quality of fruits and hardiness that make it appealing to home gardeners.